Post by oldpop2000 on Jul 30, 2019 12:10:37 GMT -5
I was perusing RTW and RTW2 threads and I noticed a few, maybe more, threads about surface raiders, and submarines essentially trade warfare or maritime warfare. This got me to thinking that maybe a thread on this forum would be a good place to discuss real history and possibly how it can be used in the game. I don't know if there is already a thread on this subject and I don't care.
The start date for this discussion is 1900. I chose it not because of the game, but because all the technology that changed maritime warfare from the Age of Sail was available except the aircraft and by 1910 it was available in limited quantities for naval and land based forces. Submarines, steel ships, long range guns, wireless radios, torpedoes, mines and many other developments radically changed how maritime warfare would or could be conducted. I believe that it is important.
Maritime warfare dates back to ancient times, when Egypt, Greece, Crete, Persians and Roman's traded goods amongst themselves and hence, pirates attacked their ships. Privateers paid to perform such attacks were present so that naval vessels had to maintain the trade lanes. Forts and ports were attacked and many times blockaded. It's a rich history. During the Anglo-Dutch Wars of 1652-1674 maritime warfare was conducted by both the British and the Dutch. The War with Spain had maritime warfare conducted. It has been prevalent throughout the centuries.
However, with addition of all the new technologies, different strategies had to be developed. You could no long use a close blockade but a distant blockade due to submarines and mines. If you used trade warfare with individual ships, wireless radios could provide emergency signals like "QQQ Shelled by Raider", providing your current position and this gave nearby naval forces a chance to try to catch the enemy raiders. While raiding by surface ships was conducted in both world wars, it was never very successful. Trade warfare by submarine was successful on both sides. The use of the submarine required the use of the convoy, although this formation was used in the Age of Sail, it was improved on by adding more and better escorts. So, maritime warfare or trade warfare changed. With the addition of long range seaplanes and other aircraft, you could maintain a decent coverage of many of the trade lanes.
Anyway, enough brief history.